The urban village is a cluster of low-rent housing derived from the rapid development of the city. The gridded streets and building layouts are full of hustle and bustle in order and chaos. The site of the school is located in the main street of a typical urban village. The hospital on the east side of the site, and the residential on the south side of the site belong to the urban village demolition and renewal project. We hope that the demolition and renewal of the school will not obliterate the original street vitality and vivid urban public life of the urban village, but rely on the newly built school to bring comfortable public green space and more complete supporting blocks to the village.
In terms of layout, the plan arranges the school playground on the east side of the base. On the one hand, the playground can ease the relationship between the teaching area and the hospital land on the east side. On the other hand, the teaching area can also maintain the continuity of the road section of the main street of the village in the city. The entire teaching area adopts a fishbone-shaped landscape space system. Through the staggered movement between the buildings, the original simple order becomes a rich, flexible and interpenetrating space, forming a public space pattern of "One Street and Eight Courtyards". Appropriate building volume makes the campus present an open attitude, actively creating a dialogue relationship with the surrounding area.
The first floor of the school is composed of a library, professional classrooms, co-class classrooms, multi-functional rooms, sports facilities, and a dining hall. The programs along the street provide conditions for community sharing, which not only continues the street vitality of the original urban village, but also connects new neighborhood. The library at the corner of the main street becomes an important icon of the village entrance. Ordinary classrooms, administrative offices, and teachers' dormitories for primary and junior high schools are arranged above the second floor of these buildings. The continuous two-story corridor connects all the buildings together, and forms three or two-by-two groups through partial three-story bridges and platforms. The playground on the third floor is connected with the public system on the second and third floors of the teaching area through stairs, bridges and stepped spectator stands.
“One Street and Eight Courtyards" consists of the Vitality Street on the second floor and eight courtyards on the first floor. Vitality Street forms a continuous and three-dimensional public learning and communication space from the first floor to the fifth floor through outdoor stairs, large steps, and platforms. Around Vitality Street, eight different types of professional classrooms and several activity rooms are organized to create a diverse and dynamic campus main street. It will become the core place of cultural life as well as communication and sharing on campus. The main entrance of the school is located on the south side of the teaching area, and you can reach Vitality Street by climbing up the stairs from the entrance. The setbacks of buildings, stilt platforms, and scattered courtyards on both sides of streets provide Vitality Street with a pleasant scale and green space environment. The northern end of Vitality Street is connected to the north secondary entrance of the school, making the Vitality Street connect the north and south of the school.
Various types of eight courtyards
The functional rooms on the first floor form a semi-enclosed spatial settlement around the courtyard and the sunken courtyard of the playground. The courtyard spaces are connected to each other, and create a variety of outdoor activity venues by using the gradual height difference of the site. The courtyard connected to the earth allows teachers and students to return to the real natural environment, and inspires various outdoor teaching activities in the grass under the trees.
Recreation and sports community
The space under the outdoor playground is a mix of cultural and sports programs. The ample natural light and the scattered layout bring a comfortable experience for teachers and students who exercise in the covered playground. Combined with the large terrain height difference on the east side, the covered playground gradually transitions from underground to stilt space on the ground. The space retreat improves lighting and ventilation and creates a friendly urban interface. Sanlian School not only builds a rich and diverse learning and exchange place which integrates streets and courtyards inside, but also forms a symbiotic relationship with the vibrant urban village outside with its open and green architectural form as well as positive urban interface.
Project name: One Street and Eight Courtyards
Project location: Jihua Street, Longgang District, Shenzhen
Lead Architect: Guansheng Zeng、Wenguo Luo
Design Team: Zijian Zhu、Guanyu He、 Chuqi Huang、Yanan Chen、 Yuanfan Peng、 Xianghang Li、Chuhao Cai、Shaohua Shi